Monday, June 27, 2005

Terrorist Group MeK Begins Smear of Ahmadinejad on their Iran Focus Site

Iran Focus-News - Special Wire - Secret memo says Iran�s new president 'fired coups de grace': "Secret memo says Iran’s new president “fired coups de grace” Mon. 27 Jun 2005

Iran Terror Database

A secret memorandum made available to Iran Terror by a source in the Iranian government sheds light on the mysterious past of Iran’s newly-elected ultra-conservative president. Information provided by this source has proven reliable in the past.

The memorandum, from a senior official of Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) to the minister, Hojjatol-Islam Ali Younessi, makes detailed references to some of the activities of President-elect Mahmoud Ahmadinejad during his 26-year career in the service of the Islamic Republic.

Iran Terror was shown part of the memorandum, which described Ahmadinejad’s activities in the Islamic Revolutionary Committees in the wake of the rise of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to power in February 1979 and his work in the Internal Security Directorate of the Revolutionary Guards in the early 1980s.

“Mr. Ahmadinejad was one of the first volunteers to join the Islamic Revolutionary Committees after the Islamic Revolution and worked for some time in the Islamic Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office based in Evin Prison. He took part in the implementation of the first waves of execution of the officials of the corrupt Pahlavi regime,” the memorandum noted.

“Mr. Ahmadinejad worked in the internal security sector after June 1981 and was based in Evin Prison”, the internal document added. “He served with distinction in the crackdown on counter-revolutionary forces, particularly the Monafeqin”.

Monafeqin, or hypocrites, is the clerical authorities’ pejorative term for the opposition Mujahedin-e Khalq (MeK). Thousands of MeK members were executed in Iran in the early 1980s, according to Amnesty International and other human rights groups.

The memorandum was drafted for the MOIS as part of a routine background check on all presidential candidates. Iranian law requires the watchdog Guardian Council to vet all candidates and the MOIS, as the official secret service, is required to provide background information on them.

The minister, Ali Younessi, is known to have opposed the inclusion of the ultra-conservative mayor of Tehran in the shortlist of candidates approved by the Guardian Council, but the chairman of the Guardian Council, Ayatollah Ahmad Jannati, overruled Younessi’s objection. Ahmadinejad has for long been a protégé of the powerful ayatollah.

Younessi was similarly opposed to the appointment of Ahmadinejad as the mayor of Tehran in 2003.

The information in the memorandum is corroborated by a report on the Tehran-based website, Baztab, which quoted allies of outgoing President Mohammad Khatami as saying that Ahmadinejad “fired coup de grace shots at political prisoners after their execution,” for which his colleagues called him the “Terminator.” Baztab, which belongs to former Revolutionary Guards Chief Mohsen Rezai, denied the allegation.

Exiled opposition leaders have said that Ahmadinejad has been involved in the execution of political prisoners in Iran and assassination of dissidents abroad, including the murder of a former minister and a prominent Kurdish leader.

Ahmadinejad’s official biography is mum on the nature of his activities in the early 1980s. It is known that he went to fight in the Iran-Iraq war as a commander of the Revolutionary Guards in 1986, but the war began in 1980 and there is no mention of what he did between 1980 and the mid-1980s, the period which, according to the internal document and other accounts, he was involved in executions and assassinations.

There has been no reaction by Ahmadinejad or his office to the widely reported allegations of his direct involvement in executions and terrorism."

Ahmadinejad's election 'another UK intelligence failure' - Irna

Ahmadinejad's election 'another UK intelligence failure' - Irna: "Ahmadinejad's election 'another UK intelligence failure' London, June 27, IRNA
Iran Presidential Election-UK Foreign Office
The election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as Iran's new president is the latest in a long line of intelligence failures by British Foreign Office, according to the Guardian newspaper.

The paper's diplomatic editor Ewen MacAskill revealed Monday that after the first round, the British Embassy in Tehran "sent a cable, as the Foreign Office still quaintly refers to communications with its overseas staff, admitting it had misread recent events."
"The embassy, in its prediction of the first round of the presidential elections on June 17, had completely failed to spot the emergence of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad," he said. "The first round was a surprise to them," he quoted a Foreign Office source confirming.

Having been caught out by the first round, the embassy was said to have "hedged its bets" in last Friday's second round run-off between the mayor of Tehran and chairman of the Expediency Council, Hashemi Rafsanjani.

MacAskill said that part of the reason for the failure was because the president-elect had consistently turned down requests by British Ambassador to Iran, Richard Dalton, for a meeting during his two years as mayor.

"The Foreign Office is sanguine about the mistake, noting that there has been a long history of failure to assess correctly events in Iran, going back to the revolution in 1979 which the west failed to see coming," the diplomatic editor said.

He quoted a Foreign Office spokesman trying to put the blame for the failure on the nature of Iranian politics, saying that "trying to predict events in Iran is a mug's game."

The spokesman said that the official policy for the time being was to "wait and see" but added that "our analysis is this guy appears to be a throwback to the early 80s and that cannot be a good thing." HC/1430/1416"

Iran media watch: Kayhan and Hoseyn Shari'atmadari were big losers

Iran media watch: Iranian presidential election; winners and losers: "Media Monitor

Iran media watch: Iranian presidential election; winners and losers
Jun 27, 2005, 16:05 GMT

Like every other election, Iran's presidential election in June 2005 had its winners and losers. President-elect Mahmud Ahmadinezhad was not the only winner and the other hopefuls, including Ahmadinezhad's rival in the runoff Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani, were not the only losers.

The losers

Rafsanjani, however, is the most visible loser. Even his post as the chairman of Expediency Council is obsolete. The Council was established to intervene in order to resolve deadlocks in dealings between the executive, legislative and judiciary powers. With Ahmadinezhad's election, all three of them are under the control of Iran's powerful conservative camp.

For nearly three decades, "Iranians saw Rafsanjani as an example of a clever and powerful man... and saw his hands at work behind the scene of Iranian politics. Now he has lost the election to a medium-level manager and has appealed for God's justice because of his frustration over those he described as the ones who either cannot or are not willing to do anything to restore his rights." (BBC Persian Online, 26 June 05).

The right-wing Islamic Coalition Party (ICP) as one of Iran's main and oldest political organizations was another big loser. The ICP and its affiliate Coordination Council of Revolutionary Forces failed to recognize Ahmadinezhad's prominence and chose former Iranian radio and television chief Ali Larijani as the conservative camp's official candidate. (, Larijani's own website, 13 June 2003)

The hard-line daily, Kayhan, and its outspoken managing editor Hoseyn Shari'atmadari was the next big loser. Two days before the first round of the election, in the daily's editorial he had called on Ahmadinezhad to withdraw in favour of Ali Larijani and General Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf, another conservative candidate. (Kayhan, 15 June 05)

Iran's main reformist parties, the Islamic Iran Participation Party and the Islamic Revolution's Mojahedin Organization, lost the election in the sense that they supported Mo'in in the first round and Rafsanjani in the second round and both of them failed to win the election. Yet the biggest loss in the course of this election was sustained by the Iranian opposition abroad who had boycotted the election all together. They seem to have lost their credibility, as "more than 27,959,000 Iranians went to the polls in the second round of the election". (IRNA news agency, 24 June 05)

As it became clear in Ahmadinezhad's first international press conference in Tehran as Iran's president-elect, political prisoners and vulnerable groups including women and intellectuals have little to gain as a result of Ahmadinezhad's taking office as president. Asked what would his reaction be if the EU-3 call for Iran to respect human rights, he said: " I think that the European side should come out of its ivory tower and do not address the Iranian nation with arrogance. These arguments are banal, outdated and disgusting." (IRINN, Iranian TV News Network, 26 June 05)

The winners

"Tehran's Mayor Ahmadinezhad rose to power against all the forecasts made by political and social analysts." (SYNA, Society of Iranian Youth News Agency news agency, 26 June 05)

Kayhan's managing editor thought that "like Mohsen Reza'i, he had no chance to win the election and suggested that the two of them should withdraw in favour of Larijani and Qalibaf", (Rooz, a web-based daily, 25 June) and until the results of the first round of the election was announced it was only the Independent Students' Islamic Association, a Tehran Municipality affiliate, that based on an opinion poll announced that he had "an 84 per cent chance to win the election". ( Gooya news, 10 June 05)

Although Ahmadinezhad is the official winner of the election, the biggest winner could be Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamene'i who, after 16 years, has managed to bring all the three government bodies under a hard-line conservative umbrella. And with the ultra-conservative Ahmadinezhad elected as head of the executive body, for the first time in the history of Islamic Republic, the country's non-elected leader will be exercising his command over a fairly homogenous group of top officials.

The third biggest winner is Abadgaran (Developers), a neo-conservative political establishment formed two years ago to win the Tehran City Council elections and to ignite the Iranian conservatives' revival six years after reformist President Mohammad Khatami's landslide victory which disrupted the country's delicate political balance in 1997. Now the party has both the Majlis (Iranian parliament) and the cabinet office under its control and exerts a significant influence on the Iranian Judiciary, a body dominated by traditional conservatives. According to Iran daily, nine Abadgaran members in the Iranian parliament may join Ahmadinezhad's cabinet in August as ministers. They are Elias Naderan, Fatemeh Ajorlu, Hasan Sobhani, Ahmad Tavakkoli, Amir Reza Khadem., Hoseyn Mozaffar, Emad Afrugh, Abbaspur and Haji Baba'i. (Iran, 27 June 05)

More winners and losers

All this does not mean that there are more winners than losers or vice-versa. These were the main winners and losers in the immediate aftermath of Ahmadinezhad's election as Iran's next president. As his economic and foreign policies become gradually clear and with the formation of his cabinet, new windows of opportunity will be opened for new winners and at the same time, several doors will be closed to those whose names will be added to the list of losers.

Source: BBC Monitoring research in English 27 Jun 05

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Copyright 2005 BBC Monitoring Service distributed by United Press International.

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