Tuesday, July 06, 2004

Notes on Peter Cyril Wyche Flory

Notes on Peter Cyril Wyche Flory:

Peter Flory is emerging as one of the few clear thinking Americans among the Bush appointees at the Pentagon. Occasionally wrong, Flory does not seem to do it out of malice. Watch Flory for big things in the Kerry Administration. JBOC

"Peter Cyril Wyche Flory
Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
'Peter Flory
practiced law at Hughes Hubbard's Washington, D.C. office from 1993 to 1997, leaving to become Chief Investigative Counsel and Special Counsel to the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Prior to joining Hughes Hubbard, he served as Special Assistant to the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy, Paul D. Wolfowitz, from 1989 to 1992, and as an Associate Coordinator for Counter-Terrorism and Deputy Assistant Secretary in the Department of State from 1992 to 1993. In July 2001, Peter left the Senate to become Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs.' Hughes Hubbard and Reed : Careers"

Afghanistan to join Iran and Pakistan in fight against drugs

Daily Times - Site Edition: "Afghanistan to join Iran and Pakistan in fight against drugs
ISLAMABAD: The government of Afghanistan agreed to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Pakistan and Iran on controlling the regional drug trade during a two-day inter-governmental technical committee meeting that ended on Tuesday.

The Afghan government was a first-time participant in the meeting that was held under the auspices of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Pakistan and Iran already have a MoU to check narcotics smuggling in the region. The Afghan government was also invited to sign the MoU. The Afghan delegation agreed. The MoU will be signed later. During the meeting, cross-border narcotics smuggling was discussed in detail. The importance of law enforcement agencies sharing information on the narcotics trade and traders on a monthly and per-incident basis was emphasised. staff report"

Daily Times - Site Edition

Daily Times - Site Edition: "Lashkars to stake out wanted men�s homes
* Tribal jirga inconclusive over foreign militants

Staff Report

WANA: The search for two wanted tribesmen in South Waziristan Agency has met with little success as a tribal lashkar will now guard their houses to arrest them if they visit family.

A tribal elder told Daily Times that a 60-man lashkar each will stay at Maulvi Abbas and Muhammad Javed�s homes, both men wanted by the government for terrorism. They will be arrested if they try to meet their families.

The political administration set a July 10 deadline for the surrender of the two men, warning that partial lifting of sanctions could be withdrawn if no progress was made by Saturday.

Meanwhile, a 30-member delegation from Shakai will leave Wana for Peshawar on Wednesday to meet NWFP Governor Syed Iftikhar Hussain Shah. The meeting follows Monday�s agreement with the government by four tribes in Shakai to fight foreigners and support the government. Former federal minister Faridullah Khan, who helped broker the agreement and the surrender of wanted men Eda Khan and Dilwar Khan, will lead the delegation. Official sources said that the governor might announce a special development package for Shakai after the tribes agreement to support the government against foreigners linked to Qaeda.

Online adds: A tribal jirga called by the Ahmadzai Wazir tribe on the issue of foreign militants hiding in Southern Waziristan has concluded here without results, dividing the tribe into anti and pro government groups.

The jirga was held on Tuesday in Soorpul, Rustam Bazaar. The deadline set by the government for the surrender of foreign militants holed up in the area was discussed at the jirga.

However tribesmen from Beer Mal including Malik Hashim, Sarwar Masti Kh"

Daily Times - Afghanistan to join Iran and Pakistan in fight against drugs

Daily Times - Site Edition: "Afghanistan to join Iran and Pakistan in fight against drugs
ISLAMABAD: The government of Afghanistan agreed to sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Pakistan and Iran on controlling the regional drug trade during a two-day inter-governmental technical committee meeting that ended on Tuesday.

The Afghan government was a first-time participant in the meeting that was held under the auspices of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

Pakistan and Iran already have a MoU to check narcotics smuggling in the region. The Afghan government was also invited to sign the MoU. The Afghan delegation agreed. The MoU will be signed later. During the meeting, cross-border narcotics smuggling was discussed in detail. The importance of law enforcement agencies sharing information on the narcotics trade and traders on a monthly and per-incident basis was emphasised. staff report"

Yahoo! News - Nuclear Watchdog to Press Case in Israel

Yahoo! News - Nuclear Watchdog to Press Case in Israel: "Under its policy of 'strategic ambiguity,' Israel neither admits nor denies having nuclear arms. But international experts believe Israel has between 100 and 200 warheads based on estimates of the amount of plutonium its reactors have produced.
ElBaradei had wanted to get the Israelis to abandon their ambiguity policy, Western diplomats said, but Israel says this would be impossible at present given continued hostility from the neighboring Arab world and Iran.
'There are no signs of a policy change in Israel,' said a diplomat close to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which ElBaradei heads.
The diplomat, who declined to be identified, said ElBaradei would not be pushing Israel to abandon the policy, which it has kept up for decades for fear of sparking a regional arms race. "

Iran exports over $2b worth of basic polymers this year

: "Iran exports over $2b worth of basic polymers this year


London, July 6 (IranMania) - According to a report from Mehr News Agency (MNA) it is predicted that in the current Iranian calendar year 1383 (March 20, 2004- March 19, 2005) more than $2 billion worth of base polymers will be exported.

An Oil Ministry planning officer told Mehr News Agency that currently a large portion of the National Petrochemical Company (NPC) of products are exported in the form of unrefined material.

Touching on exports of polymers Ali Akbar Torkan said that polymers count for a huge part of exported petrochemical products, valued at $500 per ton in export markets.

He stressed the need for the development of downstream petrochemical industries explaining that the export of petrochemical products in the form of value added commodities would earn the country more revenue. He urges the Mines and Industries Ministry to take the preliminary steps to develop downstream petrochemical industries.

Torkan explained simply in its unrefined petrochemical product form, polymer fetches $400 per ton compared to the $4000 per ton value it has when polymers are turned into industrial plastic."

Iran to reconstitute libraries in Afghan capital

: "Iran to reconstitute libraries in Afghan capital


London, July 6 (IranMania) - According to Iran's Official News Agency (IRNA) Iran and Afghanistan have signed an agreement to reconstitute the libraries of 10 schools in the Afghan capital Kabul.

Iran is to reconstitute the libraries based on an agreement earlier reached between Iranian Ambassador to Afghanistan Mohammad Reza Bahrami and Afghan Ministry of Education Administrative Deputy Seyed Eshraq Husseini. Iran has allocated $25,000 for the project.

The Iranian side is to donate 10,000 volumes of books on poetry, fiction and biography to reconstitute the libraries which will be made available to the public in September.

The Islamic Republic of Iran has also pledged to construct four technical and vocational complexes in the Afghan cities of Balkh, Herat, Nimrouz and Kandahar. "

Terrorism & Security | csmonitor.com IAEA deals with Israeli nuclear weapon threat to the region

Terrorism & Security | csmonitor.com: "ElBaradei has said that he will not push Israel to declare that it does in fact have nuclear weapons. Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon said Monday that Israel will not do so. The Guardian reports, however, that ElBaradei's visit comes at a time when Israel is 'increasingly sensitive to pressure for it to be subject to the same standards of international accountability demanded of other countries in the Middle East.' Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon said Monday that Israel will not do so. Perhaps in anticipation of ElBaradei's visit, Israel's atomic energy program launched a website Monday that provides some details about its activities, but nothing about nuclear weapons. "

Iran Set To Start One Of Biggest Indian Oil Projects

Mehr News Agency English: "Iran Set To Start One Of Biggest Indian Oil Projects
TEHRAN July 6 (MNA) -? Managing director of Iranian Engineering and Marine Installations Manufacturing Company said here Tuesday that the company has started the operational stage of the project to construct 156km pipelines in India.
Ali Asghar Kasnavi told the Mehr News Agency that the project will cost $160m and is one of the biggest oil projects in India.

He added that famous companies from America, Korea and India had participated in the bid from which the Iranian company had won.

The official stated that the 156km pipelines and 25 oil platforms are to be constructed in the project, stressing that it will be exploited until next summer.

The installation of 50km and 220km pipelines in Qatar and Salman are other projects under operation by this company, he said.
"

Bush stymied by Israel's Nukes If Israel why not Iran?

Middle America: "The Europeans still believe political, economic and trade sanctions will eventually bring Iran into compliance. The Bush administration is on the horns of a painful dilemma. How can it claim Iran has no right to nuclear weapons when Israel not only possesses both strategic and tactical nuclear weapons, but has several hundred in its arsenal? Pre-empting Iran would also undermine the administration's last shred of credibility as an honest broker between Israel and the Palestinians.
After all the blue-smoke-and-mirrors 'intelligence' that justified the U.S. invasion of Iraq 15 months ago, CIA evidence of an Iranian nuclear bomb would have to be incontrovertible. This sets the bar impossibly high. Hence Israel's conclusion it is on its own. Bombs away? Not yet, but they've rehearsed it.

Arnaud de Borchgrave is editor at large of The Washington Times and of United Press International.' "

Shariatmadari: Iran's non-oil exports stands at dlrs 1.490 billion in Q1 this year Up 20%

Iran's non-oil exports stands at dlrs 1.490 billion in Q1 this year

"Iran's non-oil exports stands at dlrs 1.490 billion in Q1 this year
Tehran, July 5, IRNA -- Iran's non-oil exports, including carry-on luggage exports and border market trade stood at dlrs 1.490 billion in the first quarter of the current Iranian year (started March 20), Iran's Customs Administration reported here Monday.
The export figure registered a 9.1 percent increase in terms of weight to 3.636 million tons.

The value of exports excluding carry-on-luggage exports and border trade stood at dlrs 1.394 billion which is 20.4 percent higher compared to the figure for the same period last year.

The average per ton price was dlrs 383.4 which is 9.6 percent higher compared to the rate for the same period last year.

The primary reason for the increase in exports value is higher agricultural produce, minerals, carpets and handicrafts.

The highest growth rate in price belonged to that of minerals with least price rise occurring in industry and petrochemicals sector, the Customs Administration reported.

Iran has been striving to boost non-oil exports as an alternative to exhaustible oil revenues.

First Vice President Mohammad Reza Aref chaired the fist session of the High Council of Non-Oil-Exports here earlier in June.

In the meeting, Aref stressed on ways of increasing non-oil exports with the aim of reducing country's dependence on oil revenues.

Council member and Commerce Minister Mohammad Shariatmadari in a report described the performance of exports of goods and services last year and its quantitative growth compared to the year before.

He said over 96 percent of targets envisioned for non-oil revenues has been achieved. "The volume of non-oil exports last year was 2.9 percent higher compared to the previous year," the commerce minister said.

The council also approved the target of dlrs 10.65 billion of non-oil export of goods and services for the current year."

Mehr News Agency English

Mehr News Agency English: "Iran Exports $100m Worth Of Biscuits And Chocolate
TEHRAN July 5 (MNA) -? The Association of Iranian Confectionary Manufacturing Companies secretary told Mehr News Agency that it is projected that the export of biscuits, cake, chocolate and other kinds of sweets will increase by 43 percent this year easing at $100 million in the current Iranian calendar year 1383 (March 20, 2004- March 19, 2005).
Ali Movahhed added that in the past Iranian year export of chocolate and cookies mounted up to $70 million, noting this year?s predicted increase will register a $30 million rise in exports of these products.

He stressed that at the present time a good market exists in the region for exports of these kinds of products, adding that the grounds have also been prepared inside the country to reinforce exports in this sector.

Touching on the import of foreign products including Chinese sweets and chocolates, he said controlled imports from formal gateways would not hurt the domestic chocolate industry and the industry would not be threatened unless the products entered the country through smuggling."

RADIO FREE EUROPE/ RADIO LIBERTY Iran will uphold the IAEA Standards

RADIO FREE EUROPE/ RADIO LIBERTY: "Iran Insists It Is Abiding By IAEA Standards

5 July 2004 -- Iran reiterated its promise today to stand by all of its international nuclear obligations.

Iran's nuclear chief told visiting Russian Security Council head Igor Ivanov in Tehran today that the country has fulfilled all of the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) demands and will continue to do so.

Iran recently announced that it does not intend to abide by an agreement reached with European countries in 2003 to halt all uranium-enrichment activities in exchange for closer ties. Tehran said Europe has not kept its side of the deal.

Russia is currently aiding the construction in Iran of a nuclear power plan at Bushehr, a project that has been criticized by the United States. Both Tehran and Moscow say the plant can only be used for civilian purposes. "

Iran: Rowhani stresses determination of Caspian legal regime

Iran: Rowhani stresses determination of Caspian legal regime: "Iran: Rowhani stresses determination of Caspian legal regime
Tehran, July 5, IRNA -- Secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) Hassan Rowhani here Monday stressed the need for speedy settlement of the legal regime for the Caspian Sea through an agreement among littoral states.
In a meeting with the head of Russia's Security Council, Igor Ivanov, Rowhani said determination of the legal regime of the Caspian Sea would play an important role in safeguarding regional stability and security.
He added that NATO's efforts to be present at the region run counter to the regional interests and would bring about instability. He termed security cooperation among Caspian Sea states as very important. "

The Hamadan Doctrine: Iran will endanger the interests of the aggressor everywhere in the world

Mehr News Agency English: "Iran Will Cut Off Hands Of Those Who Wish To Attack Our Technological Interests
TEHRAN, July 5 (MNA) -– Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei arrived in the western capital city of Hamedan Monday morning.

Crowds of enthusiastic people lined the streets leading to Hamedan airport to get a glimpse of the Supreme Leader, who was greeted on his arrival at the city by a number of provincial officials.



Speaking among thousands of local residents and officials, the Supreme Leader stressed that Iran’s great, faithful, brave and cultured nation is capable of setting a remarkable example of national and Islamic development.



In order to achieve this goal, the Iranian people and officials should make efforts to create appropriate socio-economic dealings, he stated.



Ayatollah Khamenei said that the country’s executive, legislative and judiciary forces should endeavor to help develop the country and keep vigilant against the enemy’s psychological warfare.



He stressed that the forces should uphold social justice and attempt to resolve the problems of people particularly those of the underprivileged people.



The Supreme Leader stated that the officials should shun vain issues and instead attempt to satisfy people’s demands and stand accountable to the nation.



Referring to the people’s role in the development of the country, Ayatollah Khamenei said the officials’ efforts to utilize natural and material resources would bear fruit if only people gained an overall presence in all scenes through their spiritual assets and deep beliefs.



Describing the true reform of socio-economic dealings as a means to gain progress and attain complete development, he stressed that both people and the three branches of the government are responsible for creating healthy and proper socio-economic dealings.



The Supreme Leader expressed pleasure over Iran’s success to gain independence in wheat production, adding that farmers and officials should be given encouragement for this purpose.



Ayatollah Khamenei lauded the will and determination of the Iranian nation toward attaining development, adding that officials should strengthen people’s trust in the government by performing their duties efficiently.



He stressed that the Islamic Republic of Iran, with such a great national strength, will be able to resist any aggressive power.



In response to U.S. allegations that Iran was damaging Washington’s interests, the Supreme Leader warned the United States that any attack on Iran's interests would be met with a global response.



"If the enemy attacks our scientific, natural, human or technological interests, the Iranian people will cut off its hand without hesitation and endanger the interests of the aggressor everywhere in the world,” he said."

: "Iraqi PM calls on Iran, Syria to back multi-national force in Iraq


DUBAI, July 5 (AFP) - Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi called on US foes Syria and Iran to support the multi-national forces in Iraq, one day after the two neighbourings countries called for foreign troops to quit the country.

'I think the brother presidents in Syria and Iran should revise (their position) in the interests of Iraq. Indeed, they should support the presence of the multi-national forces,' Allawi told Dubai-based Al-Arabiya television.

On Sunday, Iranian President Mohammad Khatami and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, stood side-by-side to call for the rapid departure of foreign troops from Iraq.

'The solution is the quick end to the occupation, the installation of a government comprising all elements of the Iraqi people and the cooperation of the international community to bring stability and reconstruction,' Khatami said.

'We have always been in agreement with Iran on the need for Iraq's territorial integrity, a representative government and the departure of the occupying forces,' said Assad, on a two-day visit to the Islamic republic.

'In Iraq, there are no occupation forces. There are multi-nationals at the request of Iraq and the Iraqi government. Their presence is essential to maintain security,' Allawi told Al-Arabiya late Monday.

'The departure of these multi-national forces would be a catastrophe for Iraq at the moment,' he added.'My hope is that peace and stability will be re-established and that these countries (Iran and Syria) will stand shoulder-to-shoulder with Iraq,' he said.

The United States has accused both Syria and Iran of supporting anti-coalition insurgents inside Iraq -- claims that both countries have strenously denied."

Frye Receives Kudos In Iran

Description of Selected News: "Frye Receives Kudos In Iran

Tehran Times Culture Desk
TEHRAN (MNA) –- A ceremony was held here on June 27 to pay tribute to the 6-decade endeavors of Richard Nelson Frye on his lifetime contribution to Iranology, research work on the Persian language, and the history and culture of Iran.

Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance, Ahmad Masjed-Jame’i and several writers and researchers participated in the ceremony.

Expressing his appreciation over the 60-year efforts of Frye, Masjed-Jame’i said that the shining background of Frye proves the fact that he paid attention to the history, geography, literature, and linguistics of Iran.

Pointing to works by Frye, he added, “A selection of works by Frye narrates the story of Iranians since ancient times, in which he has pointed out that the sequence of Iranian tradition is the secret of its eternity. “Frye considers the Persian language as the cultural ambassador of Iran stretching from the borders of China to Anatolia’s beach, and Frye’s ability to write books about Iran indicates his deep knowledge of various current languages spoken in Iran.”

“His works are not just limited to book writing and translation he has made great attempts in establishing several Iranology institutes in the world. In his translations, Frye has introduced the great Iranian literary works familiarizing the world with Iranian culture and literature, and in his own books he has detailed how Islamic civilization developed in this land,” he went on to say.

Noting the impression of Iranians on Islam, the minister stated that highlighting the part Iran played in changing Islam to a global civilization with a rich culture is another achievement of Frye’s efforts.

He concluded that research work by Frye is a great source for Iranian researchers and Iran lovers. His endeavors earned Frye the title “Lover of Iran” given to him by Iranian encyclopedist Dehkhoda 50 years ago.

Participant Dr. Fat’hollah Mojtaba’i a student of Frye’s for 5 years at Harvard University said the study of Iranology had long faced problems because in the Western academic system, it had been reduced to the study of linguistics. Frye used the language as one of the means to his Iranology research. Mojtaba’i explaining the impact of Frye’s Iranian historical texts said, “Frye has written on the history of Iran before and after Islam in which he has disclosed the dark corners of the first periods of Islam.”

Another participant Jaleh Amuzgar stated that Professor Frye remains always in her mind with the love he has toward Iran down deep in his heart and his name is registered in the hearts of all Iranians and Iran lovers.

“Professor Frye has studied all the aspects of Iranian culture. He finds a sequence in the rich culture of Iran indicating that Iran’s culture is a rich collection beginning in ancient times, having been spread to every corner of this land.

“For real Iran lovers, Iranian culture and its charisma have existed since ancient times in thoughts, literature, poetry, and in all art work,” she further noted.

Pointing to the Iranian spirit, she explained, “What Frye calls Iranian spirit, I call Iranian charisma, which stands on top of the Bisotun Inscription in Kermanshah, descends in the blue tiles of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Isfahan, appears in the Mausoleum of Sheikh Safieddin in Ardebil, and shines in the silver plates of the Sassanid era.

Dr. Kheirandish, underlined that Richard Frye selected Iranian culture among world cultures for its lofty values. Iranians long loved beauty, purity and light, which have always remained in their hearts and minds.

A plaque of honor and several awards were conferred to Professor Richard Nelson Frye at the ceremony.

Richard Nelson Frye (born in 1920) is a well known scholar in central Asian studies who has written many books on Iran. Graduating from Harvard in 1946, he taught at Habibiya College in Kabul (1942-44), Harvard University (1948-90), Frankfurt University (1959-60), Hamburg University (1968-69), University of Shiraz (1970-76), and University of Tajikistan (1990-92).

Prof. Frye founded the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at Harvard. He served as Director of the Asia Institute in Shiraz (1970-1975), was on the Board of Trustees of University of Shiraz (1974-78), and Chaired the Committee on Inner Asian Studies, at Harvard (1983-89).

He has published numerous works, including: History of the Nation of Archers (1954); The Heritage of Persia (1962); Bukhara (1965); The Golden Age of Persia (1975); The History of Ancient Iran (1983); and The Heritage of Central Asia (1996). He was also the editor of Vol. IV of The Cambridge History of Iran (1975)."

Description of Selected News

Description of Selected News: "The Supreme Leader expressed pleasure over Iran�s success to gain independence in wheat production, adding that farmers and officials should be given encouragement for this purpose.
Ayatollah Khamenei lauded the will and determination of the Iranian nation toward attaining development, adding that officials should strengthen people�s trust in the government by performing their duties efficiently.
He stressed that the Islamic Republic of Iran, with such a great national strength, will be able to resist any aggressive power.
In response to U.S. allegations that Iran was damaging Washington�s interests, the Supreme Leader warned the United States that any attack on Iran's interests would be met with a global response.
'If the enemy attacks our scientific, natural, human or technological interests, the Iranian people will cut off its hand without hesitation and endanger the interests of the aggressor everywhere in the world,� he said."

Haddad-Adel Stresses Need to Expand Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation With Russia

Description of Selected News: "Majlis Speaker Stresses Need to Expand Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation With Russia

Tehran Times Political Desk
TEHRAN (MNA) -- Iran and Russia discussed here Monday bilateral issues as well as key regional and international developments.
Majlis Speaker Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel, in a meeting with head of Russia's Security Council Igor Ivanov, outlined the historical and geographical commonalties between the two countries as well as the developments over the past three decades particularly the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the collapse of the former Soviet Union.
He stressed the importance of promoting bilateral ties and cooperation in all fields and voiced the determination of Iran's Majlis in this regard.
He said parliaments link governments and nations and hoped Iran and Russia would witness new horizons in mutual relations through continuous exchange of parliamentary delegations and activation of friendship parliamentary groups.
Haddad-Adel voiced satisfaction over the expansion of scientific, technical, political and economic ties between Iran and Russia and referred to the stance adopted by Russia in the recent meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Governors as positive."