Saturday, September 04, 2004

AP Wire | 09/01/2004 | Key Dates in U.S.-Iran Relations

AP Wire | 09/01/2004 | Key Dates in U.S.-Iran Relations: "Key Dates in U.S.-Iran Relations

Associated Press

Important dates in U.S.-Iranian relations:

_Jan. 16, 1979: U.S.-backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi flees Iran after mass demonstrations and strikes.

_Feb. 1, 1979: Ayatollah Khomeini returns from exile.

_Nov. 4, 1979: Iranian students seize 63 hostages at the U.S. embassy in Tehran.

_April 25, 1980: A secret U.S. military mission to rescue hostages ends in disaster in a sandstorm in a central Iranian desert.

_July 27, 1980: Pahlavi dies of cancer in Egypt.

_Sept. 22, 1980: Iraq declares war against Iran.

_Jan. 20, 1981: As President Reagan is inaugurated, Iran releases the remaining 52 American hostages after 444 days of detention.

_Jan. 20, 1984: The United States declares Iran a sponsor of international terrorism, making Iran ineligible for various forms of U.S. foreign assistance.

_1985-86: Washington and Tehran engage in a complex scheme to finance assistance to Nicaraguan rebels through proceeds of U.S. weapons sales to Iran.

_August 1986: The United States prohibits Iran from receiving U.S. arms under the U.S. Arms Export Control Act.

_1987-88: Hostilities between Tehran and Baghdad draw in neighbors and international shippers. The United States and Iran engage in open and direct conflict in the "tanker war."

_Oct. 29, 1987: Reagan signs an executive order banning Iranian imports, including crude oil, because of Iran's support for terrorism and its threat to maritime traffic in the Persian Gulf.

_July 3, 1988: The USS Vincennes shoots down an Iran Air A300 Airbus over the Persian Gulf, killing 290 people. The U.S. military says it misidentified the plane as an Iranian fighter, an account disputed by Iran.

_July 20, 1988: Iran formally accepts a U.N. resolution calling for a cease-fire between Iran and Iraq, ending its war with Iraq.

_June 3, 1989: Khomeini dies. Ali Khamenei is appointed supreme leader. Hashemi Rafsanjani is sworn in as Iran's president two months later.

_1990-91: Iran remains neutral in U.S.-led Operation Desert Storm to push Iraq out of Kuwait.

_May 6, 1995: President Clinton issues an executive order banning U.S. trade and investment in Iran.

_May 23, 1997: Mohammad Khatami wins Iran's presidential election.

_June 17, 1998: Secretary of State Madeleine Albright gives a major policy address on Iran, proposing the two countries construct a "road map" for better relations.

_April 28, 1999: The Clinton administration loosens sanctions to permit sales of food and medicine to Iran.

_July 1999: Major protests erupt in many Iranian cities; the United States criticizes the repression of student demonstrators.

_Feb. 18, 2000: Iranian reformists win a landslide victory in a general election.

_April 14, 2000: The United States announces sanctions on four Iranian entities, including the Defense Ministry, for missile proliferation.

_September 2001: After the Sept. 11 attacks, Friday prayers in Tehran omit "Death to America" chants for the first time in recent history; Iranians mourn U.S. deaths.

_Oct. 9, 2001: Khatami calls for an "immediate end" to U.S. military strikes on the Taliban.

_Nov. 12, 2001: Secretary of State Colin Powell and the Iranian foreign minister meet at an international session on Afghanistan and shake hands in an unprecedented diplomatic overture.

_Jan. 29, 2002: In his first State of the Union address, President Bush includes Iran in his "axis of evil" along with Iraq and North Korea.

_Feb. 11, 2002: Iran commemorates its revolution's anniversary with the largest anti-U.S. protests in years.

_Feb. 13, 2002: The United States and Israel block Iran's application to the World Trade Organization.

_December 2002: The United States accuses Iran of seeking to develop a secret nuclear weapons program.

_August 2003: The International Atomic Energy Agency confirms finding weapons-grade uranium at the Iranian nuclear facility in Natanz.

_Oct. 21, 2003: Iran agrees to suspend its uranium-enrichment program.

_December 2003: Washington sends humanitarian aid to Iran after an earthquake in Bam kills up to 26,000 people.

_March 13, 2004: Iran indefinitely bars inspections of its nuclear program, but relents two days later.

_July 31, 2004: Iran confirms it has resumed building nuclear centrifuges. Washington continues lobbying IAEA to refer Iran to U.N. Security Council."


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